With needleless injection ports on IV tubing, there is greater risk of touching the tip of a medication filled syringe accidentally when attempting to place it in the port. Is it OK to scrub off the tip of the syringe with alcohol swab for 15 seconds (like the injection ports are) and use it or do you have to throw away the medication- which you might not have any more of on the floor. What about in home care settings? What do we tell patients who are self administering meds at home with limited supplies? anything published on this?